Force Majeure

The “three to one” rule in military operations states that when the attacker has a three to one advantage in effective force over the defender, victory is assured.

This rule of thumb in military operations finds a sympathetic chord in the mathematical operation of the discrete analog of the GB model.

A three to one advantage in opposing military forces is equivalent to a net relative advantage of three minus one equals two, which corresponds to the boundary between decision processes that converge on unity and those that do not.

The three to one rule is thus a local application of a law that is universal in nature, and applies to all decisions, not just those that involve physical violence or military conflict.

The same rule is applied under much different circumstances in the U.S. Constitution, where no amendment is approved unless and until three-quarters (three to one) of the states have duly ratified it.

By comparison, removal of federal officers for high crimes and misdemeanors requires “only” a majority (one to one) of the House of Representatives for impeachment and two-thirds (two to one) of the Senate for conviction.

This may help to explain the incredible staying power of the U.S. Constitution, which has endured for more than two centuries with relatively few changes, in despite of vast geographical expansion, enormous population growth, rapid urbanization, amazing changes in science and technology, multiple industrial revolutions, two world wars, and much, much more.

lightning strike at night
Force Majeure

Eight billion zombies can’t all be wrong. Not at the same time anyway. Time to make a difference. Take a stand. Strike a pose. Capture a moment. Or walk on by.

Lead by Example
Global Reach

Published by keechballard

Keech Ballard is a writer of speculative fiction, self-help books, and poetry, who lives in Las Vegas.

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